Writing in Journalism

A journalist is someone whose profession is journalism. He/she gathers, processes, uncovers and disseminate news items to a heterogeneous audience. Journalists are always abreast of major happenings and seen at event grounds- live or recorded- scooping for news. One can work at a radio station, television, print outfits and online news medium. To become a journalist, you must have zeal, interest, motivation and determination to succeed on the field.

Studying courses such as journalism, mass communication or media studies earns you a degree/college certificate upon graduation. It also allows you to learn the theoretical and practical works that are useful after graduating.

You can intern with any media station to learn more or be gainfully employed as a junior journalist with an entry position because you are a fresh graduate with no experience. Exposing one to the field comes next. You are attached to a senior journalist who will teach you how to conduct one-one or personality interviews, write interview questions, report live happenings from event grounds and write news stories following the station’s in-house style. Interviews can be a telephone interview or a physical interview. There are also observation sessions. This is when you observe what the senior journalist is doing and emulate such.

Writing news stories largely depends on the type of event you are covering be it political, economy, education, health. 5W’s &H is an important feature of any news story. This is What, Where, When, Where, Why and How. Your opening/lead paragraph is known to be the basis/preamble that nudges your audience to either listen, watch further or read more. Your opening paragraph should contain 2 or more 5Ws & H. Objectivity is the watchword of Journalism, do not take sides while writing your story.

You are your media’s eye at the event so you are expected to write in details, be brief and concise, correctly spelt names and pronunciation, Verify all data collected with reliable sources. Your source can be a person who is a first-hand eyewitness of an event. You need to respect the source’s rights. If he/she do not want to be known, you should write anonymously. Their lives or work may be at risk when you mention the source’s name or work address.

Get your facts- audio and video actualities, pinpoint facts that need further verification as this can serve as a scoop for such story, ensure to attribute all information gathered. Ensure you leave out information when you are in doubt than writing incorrect news item and misinforming the audience. This is to avoid slamming your media outfit with libel, slander or defamation.

No man is an island of knowledge. After you must have written your story, read and read again before submitting to the Editor/Senior Reporter for vetting. Final Check is important before submitting.

Being on the field as a journalist allows you to see the world from the perspective of the eyewitness especially in war-stricken zones. In cases like this, safety first.

Preventing Domestic Abuse – Important Information and Safety Tips

Domestic Abuse and Violence towards Woman & Children are at Unacceptable Levels.

Here are some current statistics found on the internet –

1) One woman is assaulted every two minutes

2) 4 out of 10 assaults take place in the victims home

3) Nearly 2 in 3 female victims of violence are related to or knew their attacker.

4) Anywhere from 1-3 million women have been battered each year by their intimate partner.

5) According to the U.S. Surgeon General, domestic violence is the leading cause of injury to women in the United States.

6) It is estimates that more than a million women each year have been stalked by an intimate partner in the United States.

7) Each day 4 women die as a result of abuse.

8) Each day 3 children die as a result of abuse.

9) In 2005, teenage women (ages 12-19) experience 1.5 million violent crimes; this figure includes 75,354 sexual assault and rapes

Domestic violence occurs to all types of women regardless of income, age, race, education, or belief system. Domestic violence is a major contributing factor to other problems including child abuse, neglect, drug & alcohol abuse, emotional problems, job-loss, homelessness, and attempted suicide. Nearly one-third of American women report being physically or sexually abused by a husband or boyfriend at some point in their lives.

Family violence costs the nation $ 24 billion annually in medical expenses, police and court costs, shelters and foster care, sick leave, absenteeism, and non-productivity. Indirect cost raise this to $84 billion. These statistics are grim reminders that domestic abuse and violence towards women and children is a real and dangerous problem for millions. We need to make every effort we can towards stopping the increasing violence and reversing the statistics.

The good news is there are people and agencies in almost every community that are helping women. People are helping each other battle this problem, one step at a time. There are many important steps we can take to help. Let’s list some of these:

1) If you or someone you know is a victim of domestic abuse, it’s important to act immediately. Get away from the abuse as soon as possible. Report the Abuse to your local agency or a woman’s support organization. Help is available.

2) Be aware of warning signs to prevent you or someone you know from becoming a victim. The seeds of violence are often planted long before physical abuse takes place. Remove yourself from a potential violent situation or seek help in doing so.

3) Learn Important Home & Personal Safety Tips to help keep you and your family safe.

4) Donate time, supplies, money and other resources to local organizations and shelters. They need your help.

5) Support Public Awareness and Education – Public awareness is essential in keeping these issues on national, state and local agendas. Violence prevention begins in our schools and our public agencies. Education is the key to opening the door to a healthy and productive dialogue about domestic violence.

English Tuition – Tips For Learning English As a Second Language

If English is your second language, there are many factors that may stop you from mastering it but similarly, there are many ways to help you improve English. Here are a few tips that might help you to learn English.

Just do it and speak out without anxiety

The major problem many people encounter in mastering a new language is their own worry. They always concentrate on negative things. They worry too much that they will not say things appropriately, or that they will look silly, so they do not talk at all. The most effective way to master anything is to do it repeatedly until you obtain it right. Practice makes perfect! Similar to anything mastering, English involves practice. You should not allow fear cease you from acquiring what you want. Set a goal and go for it. You are bigger than yourself.

Learn English through Movies

I enjoy learning English by watching movie or television. This is not only a fun approach to learn, but it is also very powerful. By watching English videos you can broaden your vocabulary and hear the flow of conversation from the stars. Pick your favorite film, memories the dialogues and study how the way the actor converse, rehearsing it repeatedly. If you like to listen to news, you may give yourself chance to listen to English news, note down useful phrases that you wish to learn, you can also hear various accents. You can also improve your listening skill by watching news.

Learning English by Listening to English Music

Music is another very helpful way of learning English. Truthfully, it is usually utilized as a way of strengthening comprehension and vocabulary. The best way to learn though is to get the lyrics (words) to the songs you are listening to. Read the lyrics first and try to understand them. There are quite a number good websites where one can obtain the words for most songs. This way you can practice your listening and reading at the same time. And if you like to sing, fine.

Record Your Voice

No one like to listen to their own tone of voice on recording but like tests, it is excellent to compare your recording from time to time. You may be so amazed with the improvement you are creating that you may not mind the sound of your voice as much.

The Strength of Education

Strength comes in different forms. A person who displays and utilizes physical attributes is considered to be strong. Someone who demonstrates calmness in times of stress or trouble could be thought of as emotionally strong. An individual exhibiting an above-average intellectual capacity could be classified as mentally strong. Educational strength, though not as widely acknowledged, is a life-changer capable of helping anyone who develops it.

Quality education produces the kind of strength life can be built upon. Its foundation is reinforced with the fortitude of knowledge, its pillars erected from the support of wisdom, and its structure solidified with the cement of confidence. Without it, the winds of chance and circumstance can blow through one’s existence like a hurricane in a treehouse.

Reading today’s reports on the challenges facing public schools would leave readers shaking their heads and thinking, why bother? Poverty, classroom size, family issues, technological inadequacy, bullying – physically and online, student attitudes, student health – obesity at epidemic levels, parental under-involvement or over-involvement, funding… when taken together, it’s no wonder such a bleak and negative picture presents itself.

Education is the Bedrock of Our Future

The truth is, we have to care because our future depends on it. The power of education is enduring, and it forms a bedrock for understanding and addressing the critical issues facing our country and the world in the 21st-century. Contrary to pessimistic headlines emanating from critics of public education, success stories are rampant in schools struggling to overcome the ever-present challenges and obstacles to daily learning.

Education, particularly in our public school system, has received a bad, and some would say unfair, rap. Accentuating the negative is, unfortunately, what makes news headlines far more frequently than positive stories which occur daily in classrooms across the country. Teachers labor intensively every day to build academically strong students who will be able to apply that strength throughout life.

Students from all walks of life are being provided quality education that will make a profound difference in their lives, and in their communities. Learning the three R’s and discovering their connection and meaning to the world outside school walls, is creating the kind of strength only literacy can provide.

Educational Strength Gives Birth to New Ideas

Educational strength gives birth to ideas and options crucial for dealing with some of the most serious issues facing the United States, and the entire planet. Discovering sustainable solutions to address present and future concerns, can only be accomplished through ongoing public education development, and a dedicated commitment to interactive instruction, engaged learning and quality graduates.

More than ever, societal issues are impacting our students and their search for a meaningful and productive life. Poverty continues to be a major contributor to academic failure. Among children under the age of 18 in the United States, 41 percent are classified low-income and nearly 19 percent – one in five – are considered poor and living in poverty.

Statistics like these represent sobering, and in many cases, insurmountable factors in the near-term, for achieving the kind of scholastic success needed to permanently reverse the continuous trend of ‘disadvantaged disengagement‘ in our schools. However, through education we find knowledge, and through knowledge comes hope. Hope for the future, and hope for a better life. We find strength.

“I did then what I knew how to do. Now that I know better, I do better.” – Maya Angelou

Juvenile Boot Camps As Alternatives for Bipolar Teens

Finding out for certain that your teen is bipolar can be good and bad news. The good news is that your teen’s disorder now has a name. Many people who are bipolar feel a sense of relief when they finally are able to put a label on what they cannot explain about themselves. Knowing what the problem is can lead to more constructive solutions. The bad news is also an old news, which is that your teen has bipolar disorder, and it’s not a phase that will just pass without help. Coping with a bipolar teen means that his behavior cannot be corrected by a stern lecture or by grounding your teen. Your bipolar teen has a medical problem which can be alleviated by medication and long term therapy.

Bipolar teens can get into a manic stage where he becomes disruptive and violent and then swing back to being depressive. Because bipolar disorder can often be misunderstood (worse, they are often undiagnosed), many parents think they’re just dealing with a troubled teen who needs to be disciplined and scared straight, so to speak. Because of this, many parents turn to troubled teen boot camps to help them correct their teen’s bad behavior.

Juvenile boot camps were built as a more cost effective solution to juvenile detention or prison. They were meant to serve as an intervention for teens who are in a downward spiral. It uses harsh, confrontational and demanding methods, often enforced through verbal hostility and physically punishing challenges coming from drill sergeants in order to “break” the spirit of rebellious teens. The idea is to use this methodology to help teens rebuild their self esteem through a foundation of discipline and respect.

However, the bad behavior of bipolar teens are usually done when they are in their manic stage. This gets them into trouble and leads them to develop bad attitudes even when they’re not in their manic stage. On the surface, using confrontation and harsh methods to beat the bad behavior out of bipolar teens such as what kids boot camp or boot camp for teens do may seem ideal for a while. The only problem is that when your teen is in a manic stage, his bad behavior is not willful. Because of this, it is highly unlikely for boot camps for teens to make any real change in the lives of teens with this kind of problem.

This is why it’s always best to work with a mental health expert or a counselor first before deciding on something as extreme as sending your child off to boot camp. Oftentimes, children who act out have special needs that are better met through a different approach.

It may be better to consider other alternatives to teen boot camps such as therapeutic boarding schools which offer a safe environment for troubled teens where they can pursue their studies. At the same time, they can also receive individual counseling and therapy and the staff can make sure that they are taking their medication regularly.