Tips on How to Motivate Your English Language Learners to Study ESL

Rod Ellis defines motivation as referring to “the efforts which learners put into learning an L2 as a result of their need or desire to learn” (1995).

The two main types of motivation, intrinsic and extrinsic, can affect the learning process. Intrinsic motivation is task motivation that derives from an inherent interest in the learning tasks while extrinsic motivation refers to the external influences that affect the strength of learner’s motivation such as that which comes from teachers and parents.

While some students have their own intrinsic motivation or external motivation, other students need to be motivated to learn. There are many things that you can do as a teacher in order to motivate students to learn. These strategies are based on various articles I have read below.

Students are more likely to want to learn when they appreciate the value of the classroom activities, and when they believe that they will succeed if they apply reasonable effort. Hence, “student motivation to learn is an acquired competence developed through general experiences but stimulated most directly through modeling, communication of expectations, and direct instruction or socialization by significant others – especially teachers and parents” (Brophy, p.40) When it comes to lower performing learners, teachers realize that such learners are accustomed to experiencing failure, hence, the teacher’s task is to help them experience success.

Here are some strategies and tips that may motivate students and stimulate them to learn.

  • Provide a supportive environment and establish a trusting bond. “Motivation is the feeling nurtured primarily by the teacher in the learning situation” (Ellis, 1994). Greet your students, interact with them, indicate a personal concern about them as individuals.
  • Cater levels of activity to students’ level – try and make sure that the learning tasks pose a reasonable challenge to the students – neither too difficult nor too easy.
  • Help students recognize links between effort outcome – learning is a long term plan of effort and investment.
  • Break down learning steps into digestable pieces.
  • Minimize student’s performance anxiety during learning activities.

Articles on Motivating Students

Brophy, J. Synthesis of Research for Motivating Students to Learn. Educational Leadership, Oct. 1987. p.40-48. (article summary)

Ellis, R. (1994) The Study of Second Language Acquisition. Oxford: Oxford University Press.

Get Car Insurance Quotes Online: Guide on How to Use Internet Tools to Find Auto Insurance

Thanks to the internet, information regarding auto insurance companies and rates is easy for everybody to obtain. You don’t have to go through a third party – you can conduct all of the research yourself. All it takes is a short survey and you can get multiple car insurance quotes online. Spend a bit of time comparing them and reading reviews on the companies to decide which offer is the right one for you.

Unfortunately, there is a lot of misinformation on the internet, and scams are rampant. This is why you must be careful when doing your research. Don’t just automatically choose the cheapest policy you come across. No two quotes are going to be exactly the same, since each company conducts their evaluations a bit differently.

The criteria, in general, are the same, however. Factors that will likely play a role in the quotes you receive including your driving record, credit score, model and make of the vehicle, geographical location, and age. What DOES differ is the amount of weight each company puts on each of these factors.

What kind of information must you provide in order to get car insurance quotes online? In order for the quotes to be as realistic and personal as possible, you must enter details about your age, location, vehicle, and driving history. Some sites may require you to provide more personal information than others.

Good News When You Get Car Insurance Quotes Online

The good news is that there are sometimes discounts available to help you save. Before you select an offer and go through it, you must first find out if you are eligible for any kind of discount. Sometimes, students can get a discount if they take a driver’s education course and maintain good grades. Adult drivers might even be able to save if they take a driver’s defense course. There are also discounts for members of certain organizations, such as the military.

There are also “equipment-related” discounts. If you get your vehicle equipped with anti-theft technology, such as alarms, kill-switches, tracking systems, etc., you might be able to get a nice discount. Just check and see if the equipment has to be factory-installed.

Other potential discounts you might be able to obtain include automated payment from checking account setup, green / hybrid vehicle, customer loyalty, and being the homeowner of a condominium or single family home.

Where can you get car insurance quotes online? One safe, reliable place to begin your search is with esurance. Reviews are highly positive and the site allows users to get real quotes for free. Compare the quotes and policies side-by-side and select the one that best suits your needs. esurance is a very user-friendly site.

Writing in Journalism

A journalist is someone whose profession is journalism. He/she gathers, processes, uncovers and disseminate news items to a heterogeneous audience. Journalists are always abreast of major happenings and seen at event grounds- live or recorded- scooping for news. One can work at a radio station, television, print outfits and online news medium. To become a journalist, you must have zeal, interest, motivation and determination to succeed on the field.

Studying courses such as journalism, mass communication or media studies earns you a degree/college certificate upon graduation. It also allows you to learn the theoretical and practical works that are useful after graduating.

You can intern with any media station to learn more or be gainfully employed as a junior journalist with an entry position because you are a fresh graduate with no experience. Exposing one to the field comes next. You are attached to a senior journalist who will teach you how to conduct one-one or personality interviews, write interview questions, report live happenings from event grounds and write news stories following the station’s in-house style. Interviews can be a telephone interview or a physical interview. There are also observation sessions. This is when you observe what the senior journalist is doing and emulate such.

Writing news stories largely depends on the type of event you are covering be it political, economy, education, health. 5W’s &H is an important feature of any news story. This is What, Where, When, Where, Why and How. Your opening/lead paragraph is known to be the basis/preamble that nudges your audience to either listen, watch further or read more. Your opening paragraph should contain 2 or more 5Ws & H. Objectivity is the watchword of Journalism, do not take sides while writing your story.

You are your media’s eye at the event so you are expected to write in details, be brief and concise, correctly spelt names and pronunciation, Verify all data collected with reliable sources. Your source can be a person who is a first-hand eyewitness of an event. You need to respect the source’s rights. If he/she do not want to be known, you should write anonymously. Their lives or work may be at risk when you mention the source’s name or work address.

Get your facts- audio and video actualities, pinpoint facts that need further verification as this can serve as a scoop for such story, ensure to attribute all information gathered. Ensure you leave out information when you are in doubt than writing incorrect news item and misinforming the audience. This is to avoid slamming your media outfit with libel, slander or defamation.

No man is an island of knowledge. After you must have written your story, read and read again before submitting to the Editor/Senior Reporter for vetting. Final Check is important before submitting.

Being on the field as a journalist allows you to see the world from the perspective of the eyewitness especially in war-stricken zones. In cases like this, safety first.

Preventing Domestic Abuse – Important Information and Safety Tips

Domestic Abuse and Violence towards Woman & Children are at Unacceptable Levels.

Here are some current statistics found on the internet –

1) One woman is assaulted every two minutes

2) 4 out of 10 assaults take place in the victims home

3) Nearly 2 in 3 female victims of violence are related to or knew their attacker.

4) Anywhere from 1-3 million women have been battered each year by their intimate partner.

5) According to the U.S. Surgeon General, domestic violence is the leading cause of injury to women in the United States.

6) It is estimates that more than a million women each year have been stalked by an intimate partner in the United States.

7) Each day 4 women die as a result of abuse.

8) Each day 3 children die as a result of abuse.

9) In 2005, teenage women (ages 12-19) experience 1.5 million violent crimes; this figure includes 75,354 sexual assault and rapes

Domestic violence occurs to all types of women regardless of income, age, race, education, or belief system. Domestic violence is a major contributing factor to other problems including child abuse, neglect, drug & alcohol abuse, emotional problems, job-loss, homelessness, and attempted suicide. Nearly one-third of American women report being physically or sexually abused by a husband or boyfriend at some point in their lives.

Family violence costs the nation $ 24 billion annually in medical expenses, police and court costs, shelters and foster care, sick leave, absenteeism, and non-productivity. Indirect cost raise this to $84 billion. These statistics are grim reminders that domestic abuse and violence towards women and children is a real and dangerous problem for millions. We need to make every effort we can towards stopping the increasing violence and reversing the statistics.

The good news is there are people and agencies in almost every community that are helping women. People are helping each other battle this problem, one step at a time. There are many important steps we can take to help. Let’s list some of these:

1) If you or someone you know is a victim of domestic abuse, it’s important to act immediately. Get away from the abuse as soon as possible. Report the Abuse to your local agency or a woman’s support organization. Help is available.

2) Be aware of warning signs to prevent you or someone you know from becoming a victim. The seeds of violence are often planted long before physical abuse takes place. Remove yourself from a potential violent situation or seek help in doing so.

3) Learn Important Home & Personal Safety Tips to help keep you and your family safe.

4) Donate time, supplies, money and other resources to local organizations and shelters. They need your help.

5) Support Public Awareness and Education – Public awareness is essential in keeping these issues on national, state and local agendas. Violence prevention begins in our schools and our public agencies. Education is the key to opening the door to a healthy and productive dialogue about domestic violence.

English Tuition – Tips For Learning English As a Second Language

If English is your second language, there are many factors that may stop you from mastering it but similarly, there are many ways to help you improve English. Here are a few tips that might help you to learn English.

Just do it and speak out without anxiety

The major problem many people encounter in mastering a new language is their own worry. They always concentrate on negative things. They worry too much that they will not say things appropriately, or that they will look silly, so they do not talk at all. The most effective way to master anything is to do it repeatedly until you obtain it right. Practice makes perfect! Similar to anything mastering, English involves practice. You should not allow fear cease you from acquiring what you want. Set a goal and go for it. You are bigger than yourself.

Learn English through Movies

I enjoy learning English by watching movie or television. This is not only a fun approach to learn, but it is also very powerful. By watching English videos you can broaden your vocabulary and hear the flow of conversation from the stars. Pick your favorite film, memories the dialogues and study how the way the actor converse, rehearsing it repeatedly. If you like to listen to news, you may give yourself chance to listen to English news, note down useful phrases that you wish to learn, you can also hear various accents. You can also improve your listening skill by watching news.

Learning English by Listening to English Music

Music is another very helpful way of learning English. Truthfully, it is usually utilized as a way of strengthening comprehension and vocabulary. The best way to learn though is to get the lyrics (words) to the songs you are listening to. Read the lyrics first and try to understand them. There are quite a number good websites where one can obtain the words for most songs. This way you can practice your listening and reading at the same time. And if you like to sing, fine.

Record Your Voice

No one like to listen to their own tone of voice on recording but like tests, it is excellent to compare your recording from time to time. You may be so amazed with the improvement you are creating that you may not mind the sound of your voice as much.